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Fortunately, the downward trend has slowed and appears to have stabilized since 2008. increasing number of fisheries management instruments in the past decade. However, those resources are extremely vulnerable to environmental degradation, overfishing, climate change and pollution. Goal 14. Goal 17: Strengthen the means of implementation and revitalize the global partnership for sustainable development The SDGs say “what” to do, now we must figure out “how”. For example, the Agreement on Port State Measures to Prevent, Deter and Eliminate Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing, the first international binding agreement to combat such fishing, entered into force in June 2016. However, those resources are extremely vulnerable to environmental degradation, overfishing, climate change and pollution. national jurisdiction (0–200 nautical miles from a national border) were covered Source: Report of the Secretary-General, Special edition: progress towards the Sustainable New COVID-19 cases have not plateaued – … Objetivo 14. <br> Sustainable fisheries as a percentage of GDP in small island developing States, least developed countries and all countries. Small-scale fisheries face numerous challenges. Sustainable Development Goal 14 Life Below Water Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development. <br> Average marine acidity (pH) measured at agreed suite of representative sampling stations. increased efforts and interventions are needed to conserve and sustainably use ocean resources at all levels. Hoe zijn de Duurzame Ontwikkelingsdoelen opgesteld? The increasingly adverse impacts of climate change (including ocean acidification), overfishing and marine pollution are jeopardizing recent gains in protecting portions of the world’s oceans. They address the global challenges we face, ... Goal 14… However, this comes at a steep ecological price, as dissolved carbon dioxide in seawater lowers the pH level of oceans, thereby increasing acidity and changing the biogeochemical carbonate balance. How we manage this vital resource is … Advancing the sustainable use and conservation of the oceans continues to require effective strategies and management to combat the adverse effects of overfishing, growing ocean acidification and worsening coastal eutrophication. Fisheries contribute significantly to global food security, livelihoods and the economy. Much of the coverage is concentrated in Oceania and Latin America and the Caribbean. promote small-scale fishers’ access to productive resources, services and The mean coverage of marine key biodiversity areas (KBAs) that are protected has also increased—from 30 per cent in 2000 to 44 per cent in 2018. In fact, coastal and marine resources contribute an estimated $28 trillion to the global economy each year through ecosystem services. Sustainable Development Goals. 14 Goal 14 Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development. combat the adverse effects of overfishing, growing ocean acidification due to climate cent in 2000 to 44.7 per cent in 2015 and to 45.7 per cent in 2018. The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) or Global Goals are a collection of 17 interlinked global goals designed to be a "blueprint to achieve a better and more sustainable future for all". marine acidity have increased by about 26 per cent on average since the start of the By 2020, effectively regulate harvesting and end overfishing, illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing and destructive fishing practices and implement science-based management plans, in order to restore fish stocks in the shortest time feasible, at least to levels that can produce maximum sustainable yield as determined by their biological characteristics increased—from 30 per cent in 2000 to 44 per cent in 2018. Increase scientific knowledge, develop research capacity and transfer marine technology, taking into account the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission Criteria and Guidelines on the Transfer of Marine Technology, in order to improve ocean health and to enhance the contribution of marine biodiversity to the development of developing countries, in particular small island developing States and least developed countries In order to achieve a healthy balance, fish stocks must be maintained within biologically sustainable limits, at or above the abundance level that can produce maximum sustainable yields. The effects of overfishing, ocean acidification, warmer waters and coastal eutrophication spell calamity for billions of people who depend on the ocean for their livelihoods and food. This indicator will measure progress towards SDG Target 14.6. As billions of people depend on oceans for their livelihood and food source and on the transboundary nature of oceans, increased efforts and interventions are needed to conserve and sustainably use ocean resources at all levels. In many coastal communities, pollution and eutrophication, which is the presence of excessive nutrients in water, frequently owing to runoff from the land, causing dense plant growth and the death of animal life, are driving detrimental changes. Oceans, along with coastal and marine resources, play an essential role in human well-being and social and economic development worldwide. The five large marine ecosystems most at risk from coastal eutrophication, according to a global comparative assessment undertaken in 2016 as part of the Transboundary Water Assessment Programme, are the Bay of Bengal, the East China Sea, the Gulf of Mexico, the North Brazil Shelf and the South China Sea. Goal 14 Targets. Targets and Indicators SDG 14 has seven targets, or subgoals that track progress towards sustainable ocean use and its conservation. They also help regulate the global ecosystem by absorbing heat and carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and protecting coastal areas from flooding and erosion. At its heart are the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), which are an urgent call for action by all countries - developed and developing - in a global … As of January 2018, 16 per cent (or over 22 million square kilometres) of marine waters under national jurisdiction—that is, 0 to 200 nautical miles from shore—were covered by protected areas. The number of parties to the Agreement has rapidly increased and stood at 58 as of February 2019. The pandemic could push the number of people living in extreme poverty to over 1 billion by 2030. The contribution of sustainable marine capture fisheries remained stable at the global level, with regional variation, representing the largest contribution to the GDP in Pacific small island developing States and least developed countries, averaging 1.55 and 1.15 per cent, respectively, in 2011 to 2017. Goal 14: Life Below Water. How we manage this vital resource is essential for humanity as a whole, and to counterbalance the effects of climate change. 14. eutrophication. To achieve sustainable development of fisheries, fish stocks must be maintained Development Goals. United Nations Sustainable Development Goals. By 2025, prevent and significantly reduce marine pollution of all kinds, in particular from land-based activities, including marine debris and nutrient pollution, Index of coastal eutrophication and floating plastic debris density, By 2020, sustainably manage and protect marine and coastal ecosystems to avoid significant adverse impacts, including by strengthening their resilience, and take action for their restoration in order to achieve healthy and productive oceans, Proportion of national exclusive economic zones managed using ecosystem-based approaches, Minimize and address the impacts of ocean acidification, including through enhanced scientific cooperation at all levels, Average marine acidity (pH) measured at agreed suite of representative sampling stations, By 2020, effectively regulate harvesting and end overfishing, illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing and destructive fishing practices and implement science-based management plans, in order to restore fish stocks in the shortest time feasible, at least to levels that can produce maximum sustainable yield as determined by their biological characteristics, Proportion of fish stocks within biologically sustainable levels, By 2020, conserve at least 10 per cent of coastal and marine areas, consistent with national and international law and based on the best available scientific information, Coverage of protected areas in relation to marine areas, By 2020, prohibit certain forms of fisheries subsidies which contribute to overcapacity and overfishing, eliminate subsidies that contribute to illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing and refrain from introducing new such subsidies, recognizing that appropriate and effective special and differential treatment for developing and least developed countries should be an integral part of the World Trade Organization fisheries subsidies negotiation, Progress by countries in the degree of implementation of international instruments aiming to combat illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing, By 2030, increase the economic benefits to Small Island developing States and least developed countries from the sustainable use of marine resources, including through sustainable management of fisheries, aquaculture and tourism, Sustainable fisheries as a percentage of GDP in small island developing States, least developed countries and all countries, Increase scientific knowledge, develop research capacity and transfer marine technology, taking into account the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission Criteria and Guidelines on the Transfer of Marine Technology, in order to improve ocean health and to enhance the contribution of marine biodiversity to the development of developing countries, in particular small island developing States and least developed countries, Proportion of total research budget allocated to research in the field of marine technology, Provide access for small-scale artisanal fishers to marine resources and markets, Progress by countries in the degree of application of a legal/regulatory/policy/institutional framework which recognizes and protects access rights for small-scale fisheries, Enhance the conservation and sustainable use of oceans and their resources by implementing international law as reflected in UNCLOS, which provides the legal framework for the conservation and sustainable use of oceans and their resources, as recalled in paragraph 158 of The Future We Want, Number of countries making progress in ratifying, accepting and implementing through legal, policy and institutional frameworks, ocean-related instruments that implement international law, as reflected in the United Nation Convention on the Law of the Sea, for the conservation and sustainable use of the oceans and their resources, was reviewed in-depth at the High-level Political Forum of, Learn about the latest activities of Peter Thomson, Special Envoy for the Ocean, The Sustainable Development Goals Report The report of the Commission, which included the global indicator framework, was then taken note of by ECOSOC at its 70th session in June 2016. for their livelihood and food source and on the transboundary nature of oceans, Campus Sustainability Month Celebration Goes Virtual this 2020. of parties to the Agreement has rapidly increased and stood at 58 as of February agreement to combat such fishing, entered into force in June 2016. Sustainable Development Goals. science funding remain critically important to preserve marine resources. The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) or Global Goals are a collection of 17 interlinked global goals designed to be a "blueprint to achieve a better and more sustainable future for all". The Goal SDG 14 aims to conserve and sustainably use the world’s oceans, seas, and marine resources for sustainable development. They are particularly crucial for people living in coastal communities, who represented 37 per cent of the global population in 2010. Based on an analysis of assessed stocks, the percentage of world marine fish stocks within biologically sustainable levels declined from 90 per cent in 1974 to 69 per cent in 2013. Minimize and address the impacts of ocean acidification, including through enhanced scientific cooperation at all levels <br> Coverage of protected areas in relation to marine areas. The expansion of protected areas for marine biodiversity and existing policies In response, about 70 per cent of the respondents to a survey representing 92 countries and the European Union have introduced or developed regulations, policies, laws, plans or strategies specifically targeting small-scale fisheries. Ocean acidification is caused by the uptake of atmospheric CO2 by the ocean, By 2025, prevent and significantly reduce marine pollution of all kinds, in particular from land-based activities, including marine debris and nutrient pollution Global trends point to continued deterioration of coastal waters due to pollution and eutrophication. The Goal has ten targets to be achieved by 2030. The SDGs were set in 2015 by the United Nations General Assembly and are intended to be achieved by the year 2030. ocean acidification and worsening coastal eutrophication. Illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing remains one of the greatest threats The Sustainable Development Goals are the blueprint to achieve a better and more sustainable future for all. For <br> Proportion of national exclusive economic zones managed using ecosystem-based approaches. Sustainable Development Goals (SGDs) Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) consist of 169 targets categorized in 17 groups. In many coastal communities, pollution and eutrophication, which is the presence of excessive nutrients in water, frequently owing to runoff from the land, causing dense plant growth and the death of animal life, are driving detrimental changes. level of implementation of such frameworks, particularly in Oceania and Central Without concerted efforts, coastal eutrophication is expected to <br> Proportion of fish stocks within biologically sustainable levels. Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing, the first international binding Moreover, marine life is being exposed to conditions outside Global trends point to continued deterioration of coastal waters owing to pollution and eutrophication (excessive nutrients in water, frequently a result of run-off from land, which causes dense plant growth and the death of animal life from lack of oxygen). As at December 2019, more than 24 million km2, or 17 per cent, of waters under national jurisdiction (up to 200 nautical miles from shore) were covered by protected areas, more than doubling in extent since 2010. Since the beginning of the industrial revolution, the ocean has absorbed about one third of the carbon dioxide released by human activities, thereby mitigating the full impact of climate change. The EU agenda on International Ocean Governance focuses on securing safe, secure, and sustainable development of the oceans through better and more effective rules as well as through more effective knowledge and research. They also help regulate the global ecosystem by absorbing heat and carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and protecting coastal areas from flooding and erosion. UNEP is committed to working with all concerned parties to support the achievement of the 17 UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). covered by protected areas. countries have taken measures to combat such fishing and have adopted an Development Goals, Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development. 2019. The official wording is to "Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development". In 2015, 193 countries adopted the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and its 17 Sustainable Development Goals (). Ultimately, overfishing impairs the functioning of ecosystems and reduces biodiversity, with negative repercussions for sustainable social and economic development. However, the trend has slowed and appears to have stabilized from 2008 to 2013. Small-scale fisheries are present in almost all countries, accounting for more than half of total production on average, in terms of both quantity and value. In addition, since river basins, marine ecosystems and the atmosphere are all part of hydrological systems, the effects of such pollution are often felt far from their source. Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development 18. Category: Sustainable Development Goal 14 Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development Large marine ecosystems by 2050 Goal SDG 14 sites require safeguarding to ensure sustainable long-term use of their precious resources. 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