Obviously, the fruit of the Spirit and the gifts of the Spirit are different. 6:19; James 1:25; 2:8,12). 5:4 "who are seeking to be justified by law" The theological theme of chapters 3 and 4 is that our acceptance by God is based solely on His character, the empowering of the Spirit, and the work of His Messiah. God has set us upon our feet in the right …H. Revival is just the life of the Lord Jesus poured into human hearts. Jesus is always victorious. We often think of the fruit of the Spirit, described in Galatians 5, in the context of church life. 2:1-4). A primary idea in Galatians was that the Spirit is He who brings initial salvation. This is a corporate problem, not an individual focus. This implied a public flaunting of sexual desires (cf. 5. I Cor. The KJV adds the term "adultery" to this list. 5:14-15; I John 3:16). So what did he glory in, and who did he glorify? Romans 6:14. Historical Context for Galatians by Paul. 10:16; Jer. John 15) or product of the Spirit. This is the context of Galatians 5:1. 27:26; Gal. 26 Let us not become vainglorious, provoking one another, envying one another. Rom. Pagan worship was characterized by sexual activity (as were some later Gnostic false teachers, cf. Make sure to read Galatians 5 here, and then let's dig deeper. ▣ "faithfulness" Pistis is used in its Old Testament sense of loyalty and trustworthiness. 6 For in Christ Jesus neither circumcision nor uncircumcision has any value. 12I wish that those who are troubling you would even mutilate themselves. 2:2-5). Whatever may be our experience of failure and barrenness, He is never defeated. In regard to being under the Law, Paul clearly includes Gentiles as being under the Law in some sense. 2:20; Rom. This is the essence of Paul's radical, new gospel of justification by grace through faith alone (cf. This is a Perfect tense verb, which emphasizes a culmination of a past act into a continuing state or condition. But Paul reiterated that true circumcision is of the heart (cf. This context does not deal primarily with the modern theological question about the possibility of those who had salvation and have now lost it, but how humans find salvation. ▣ "strife" This means "fighting for prizes. Matt. It was usually used of God (cf. But when we apply it to our work, it can give us a fresh perspective, and have a transformative effect on our workplaces. But because of 3:1, the use of the singular may imply, 1. a local ring-leader who was converted to the Judaizer's point of view and was now pulling the church in that direction, 2. a persuasive visiting leader of the Judaizers, NASB"You were running well; who hindered you from obeying the truth"NKJV"You ran well. We are bidden "to stir up the gift that is in us;" we are told to "grow in grace." In asking their question, the Jews intended to inquire of Christ what particular things they must do, before all others, in order to please God. 14:1-15:13; I Cor. (Fourteenth Sunday after Trinity.) The law of love serves others as well as self (cf. III, 'Walk in the Spirit''Walk in the Spirit, and ye shall not fulfil the lust of the flesh.'--GAL. I Cor. God has set us upon our feet in the right, The Life of Duty, a Year's Plain Sermons, v. 2, WHAT TO PRAY.--For the Spirit of Love in the Church "I pray that they may be one, even as we are one: I in them and Thou in Me; that the world may know that Thou didst send Me, and hast loved them as Thou hast loved Me ... that the love wherewith Thou hast loved Me may be in them, and I in them." 1 John 3:1-2 (The above outline is not original with me. We must also resist wasting our freedom on serving our sinful desires instead of serving others in love. 31:33; Ezek. Most legalistic Christians are similar to the "weak brothers" of Rom. 7. This verse, in tandem with I John 5:16, is the source of the Roman Catholic distinction between mortal and venial sins. However, the plural form occurs in v. 12. ▣ "of which I forewarn you, just as I have forewarned you, that those who practice such things shall not inherit the kingdom of God" One's lifestyle choices reveal the heart. ▣ "has been abolished" This is a perfect passive indicative. Nature's harshness has melted away and she is now beaming with the smile of spring, and everything around us whispers of the gentleness of God. The second term [akatharsia], "impurity," is also a general term for sexual immorality, though originally used in the OT in the sense of ceremonial uncleanliness or moral uncleanliness. The Judaizers were concerned that the Gentile Christians would not conform to their conceptions of Mosaic godliness, therefore, they tried to force the OT regulations upon them. This passage, and others which imply mystical union, can be interpreted within theological categories (cf. 4:4), not the body (cf. This term is used regularly in the NT as middle (cf. 17For the flesh sets its desire against the Spirit, and the Spirit against the flesh; for these are in opposition to one another, so that you may not do the things that you please. . 16:13; see Special Topic at Gal. v. 16. 7:9 for the control of our sexual drive and that may be alluded to here because of the list of the sexual abuses of pagan worship. As a warning, it may have reminded the Galatians of Paul's preaching on a previous occasion. This personal decision of cutting ourselves off is the biblical metaphor of "crucifixion" as seen in Gal. Fourteenth Sunday after Trinity Works of the Flesh and Fruits of the Spirit. NASB"but the one who is disturbing you shall bear his judgment, whoever he is"NKJV"but he who troubles you shall bear his judgment, whoever he is"NRSV"But whoever it is that is confusing you will pay the penalty"TEV"and that the man who is upsetting you, whoever he is, will be punished by God"NJB"and anybody who troubles you in the future will be condemned, no matter who he is". "Mutilate" is used in the sense of "castration." Biblical Commentary (Bible study) Galatians 5:1, 13-25. 4:19; Eph. https://www.esv.org/resources/esv-global-study-bible/introduction-to-galatians Yet circumcision was not the fundamental issue (cf. The issue was not circumcision but how a person is brought into right standing with God (cf. Each of us must walk in the light we have. 3 For if a man thinketh himself to be something when he is nothing, he deceiveth himself. 19:18 from the Septuagint. Matt. In the athletic sense, it meant the act of one runner cutting in front of another, thereby causing them both to lose the race. Paul issued two admonitions in light of believers' true freedom in Christ: 1. that they persevere (cf. ", ▣ "jealousy" This word (zēlos) can have positive or negative connotation, but in this context it means "self-centeredness. John 6:44, 65; 16:7-13), 2. human response (cf. Rom. 9A little leaven leavens the whole lump of dough. GALATIANS v. 16. The "law of Christ" is completely different from the law of Judaism or human merit (cf. 19Now the deeds of the flesh are evident, which are: immorality, impurity, sensuality, 20idolatry, sorcery, enmities, strife, jealousy, outbursts of anger, disputes, dissensions, factions, 21envying, drunkenness, carousing, and things like these, of which I forewarn you, just as I have forewarned you, that those who practice such things will not inherit the kingdom of God. Saint Paul Writing His Epistles by Valentin de Boulogne, c. 1620 (Wikimedia Commons) Paul’s journey from persecutor to apostle, wherein he comes to embrace Jesus as the Messiah along the road to Damascus (Acts 9), sets the stage for his missionary and epistolary activity. 5:22 "But the fruit of the Spirit is" Paul described human effort as works of the flesh, but he described the Christian life as the "fruit" (cf. 16:6,32). The "works of God," as they denominate them, were not any and every duty, but those more special and important acts, by which the creature might secure, (Fourteenth Sunday after Trinity.) Jesus was very clear about the lifestyle of believers in Matthew 7, "by their fruits you shall know them" and John 15. 5:11 "if I still preach circumcision" This is a first class conditional sentence which is assumed to be true from the author's perspective or for his literary purposes (this usage shows that the construction is not always true to reality). Believers are responsible before God., but they can be influenced (cf. 3:3), is also that which is perfected by the Spirit (cf. ▣ "Christ will be of no benefit to you" Paul is contrasting two ways of being right with God: (1) human effort and (2) free grace. This is a study guide commentary, which means that you are responsible for your own interpretation of the Bible. Now make sure that you stay free, and don’t get tied up again in slavery to the law. 5:21 "envyings" A common Stoic proverb of the day said "envy is to grieve at another's good.". Freedom Based on Favor. I Cor. 5:5). 5:5; Col. 3:5; I Pet. 13For you were called to freedom, brethren; only do not turn your freedom into an opportunity for the flesh, but through love serve one another. I John 3:6,9). 6 For in Jesus Christ neither circumcision availeth any thing, nor uncircumcision; but faith which worketh by love. 17For the flesh sets its desire against the Spirit, and the Spirit against the flesh; for these are in opposition to one another, so that you may not do the things that you please. NASB"Behold I, Paul, say to you"NKJV"Indeed I, Paul, say to you"NRSV"Listen! 5:5 "For we through the Spirit, by faith" This phrase shows the two necessary qualifications (i.e., covenant) involved in our salvation: 1. the drawing/wooing of the Holy Spirit (cf. 26 Let us not become vainglorious, provoking one another, envying one another. Copyright © 2012 Bible Lessons International, Bob was born in 1947 in Houston, Texas. This disruption of fellowship occurred in the Galatian churches and is still occurring in the churches of our day. However, there is a unity here based primarily on pagan worship excesses. Rom. III, Fifteenth Sunday after Trinity Church Officers Warned of Vain-Glory. Text: Galatians 5, 25-26 and 6, 1-10. However, Paul was equally concerned with godliness, but he affirmed that it is not a result of external rules but of a changed heart (i.e., internal guidance, cf. ▣ "enmities" This word (echthra) describes the condition of being characteristically hostile toward people. ", ▣ "outbursts of anger" This Greek term (thumos) means "a sudden, uncontrollable outburst of rage.". Faith is primary. 2:28-29; Col. 2:11). 2. v. 16; Rom. 3:21 and Col. 3:3, 4. 5:24 "those who belong to Christ Jesus have crucified the flesh" This is aorist active indicative which speaks of completed action in past time. 1It was for freedom that Christ set us free; therefore keep standing firm and do not be subject again to a yoke of slavery. 18 But if ye are led by the Spirit, ye are not under the law. Galatians 5:1 . 6). He has earned degrees from East Texas Baptist College, Southwestern Baptist Theological Seminary, and Trinity Evangelical Divinity School and has done post-graduat... More, 5:3 "he is under obligation to keep the whole Law", 5:4 "who are seeking to be justified by law", 5:5 "For we through the Spirit, by faith", ▣ "are waiting for the hope of righteousness", ▣ "then the stumbling-block of the cross has been abolished", 5:13 "For you were called to freedom, brethren", ▣ "and you will not carry out the desires of the flesh", 5:19 "Now the deeds of the flesh are evident", ▣ "of which I forewarn you, just as I have forewarned you, that those who practice such things shall not inherit the kingdom of God", 5:24 "those who belong to Christ Jesus have crucified the flesh", 5:25 "If we live by the Spirit, let us also walk by the Spirit", 4. Eph. We are saved, have been saved, are being saved, and shall be saved. 8This persuasion did not come from Him who calls you. B. Romans 4-8). 1:18; I Pet. 5:7 "who" The singular pronoun used of a false teacher is also found in v. 7 and twice in v. 10. 8This persuasion did not come from Him who calls you. 18But if you are led by the Spirit, you are not under the Law. In heaven they are praising Him all the time for His victory. 31:33; Ezek. The new life in Christ is not the basis of one's right standing with God, but the evidence of it. May the Holy Spirit lead us, beloved, these days, into His sweetness, quietness, and gentleness, subduing every coarse, rude, harsh, and unholy habit, and making us like Him, of whom it is said, "He shall not strive, …Rev. As the gifts are the distribution of the different ministries of Christ among the body of Christ, the fruit is the collective attitude of Christ in performing these gifts. This Greek verb (an aorist passive indicative of katargeō) is translated in many ways: (1) to render useless; (2) to render powerless; (3) to render unproductive; (4) unprofitable; (5) empty; (6) cancel; (7) make null and void; (8) bring to an end; (9) annihilate; or (10) sever from. ▣ "you are not under the Law" No article precedes "law" in the Greek text, so the word may have a wider connotation than just the Jewish law. It is the context of such an extended argument in his letter to Galatians that he speaks about the Spirit’s fruit. This interpretation is reinforced by the equally strong statement in v. 26. Rom. A. 154-172). No one will be, in his own consciousness, free from the moral burden of … Bible> Cross Refs> Galatians 5:1. 4:4-7), 3. I have … 1 An old but profitable letter. These verses warn that though Christians could sin in these areas and still be saved, if their lives are characterized or dominated by these sins, they have not really become new creatures in Christ (I John 3:6,9). Christlikeness is the goal of God for every Christian (cf. In context, this is a passage that is contrasting the Old Testament Law of Moses with the New Covenant Law of Christ - for in bearing one another's burdens we are, in fact, fulfilling the Law of the Spirit of Life in Christ Jesus. 12:7,11), the fruit is another metaphor to describe the motives, attitudes and lifestyle of Jesus Christ. 2 Listen! 19 Now the works of the flesh are manifest, which are these: fornication, uncleanness, lasciviousness, 20 idolatry, sorcery, enmities, strife, jealousies, wraths, …Martin Luther—Epistle Sermons, Vol. 22But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, patience, kindness, goodness, faithfulness, 23gentleness, self-control; against such things there is no law. 1It was for freedom that Christ set us free; therefore keep standing firm and do not be subject again to a yoke of slavery. Therefore, believers are free not to sin and free to live for God (cf. I, Paul, am telling you"TEV"Listen! I John 3:6,9). 5:9. "The Fruit of the Spirit is Gentleness" (Gal. v. 22). This first Greek term [porneia] originally meant "harlot," but it came to be used for sexual immorality in general (cf. The first deals with salvation as a process and the second deals with salvation as a relationship to the end of like, and the third the theological issue of apostasy. NASB"sensuality"NKJV, NRSV"licentiousness"TEV"and indecent actions"NJB"sexual irresponsibility". There is further to, JOHN vi. 5:9 "a little leaven" Yeast is a common NT proverb in the Bible, often used in a negative sense (Matt. The verb "hindered" or "prevented" (aorist active indicative) commonly had military and athletic connotations. It is also included into some Old Latin and Vulgate manuscripts. 8:28-29; Gal. The early communities had apostolic teaching; but beyond that, they seem to have been in no respect above, and in many respects below, the level of subsequent ages. Both are crucial (cf. Believers understand from Paul that the body is morally neutral (cf. 1:6; Eph. 7You were running well; who hindered you from obeying the truth? Paul uniquely understood the problems of self-effort (i.e., vv. 19 Now the works of the flesh are manifest, which are these: fornication, uncleanness, lasciviousness, 20 idolatry, sorcery, enmities, strife, jealousies, wraths. v. 16. Therefore, they blamed the morally neutral physical body as the source of evil. How are the gifts of the Spirit related to the fruit of the Spirit? 10:18). It is a very singular instance of imaginative misreading of plain facts that the primitive Church should be held up as a pattern Church. Matt. 6For in Christ Jesus neither circumcision nor uncircumcision means anything, but faith working through love. Gal. v. 22). Who hindered you from obeying the truth"NRSV"You were running well; who prevented you from obeying the truth"TEV"You were doing so well! Galatians 5:1 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Galatians 5:1, NIV: "It is for freedom that Christ has set us free.Stand firm, then, and do not let yourselves be burdened again by a yoke of slavery." 5:15 This is a first class conditional sentence, assumed to be true from the author's perspective or for his literary purposes. I Tim. Galatians 5:1, ESV: "For freedom Christ has set us free; stand firm therefore, and do not submit again to a yoke of slavery." 3:17 (to abolish) and 5:11 (to annul). There are then two ways to live a godly life: (1) human effort (which is affected by the Fall) and (2) God's free power in the Spirit. 26Let us not become boastful, challenging one another, envying one another. 8; 10:23-33). Deut. 8:1 and implied in v. 18, is exactly the same as the "law of Christ" in I Cor. Rom. "Opportunity" is a military term for a military, assault-staging area (cf. The church infused it with new meaning to describe God's special love. Whatever may be our experience of failure and barrenness, He is never defeated. 6:11; II Tim. Paul, the Apostle to the Gentiles, is giving revelatory information! Reason assigned, not for the summons to such a self-examination, but for the negative result of it, that no one will have to glory εἰς τὸν ἕτερον: for every one will have to bear his own burden. 5:12): 1. in an initial salvation (when the Galatians first received the gospel), 2. in a works-oriented life (when the Galatians were thinking of now pursuing the Mosaic Law), NASB, NKJV,NJB"you have fallen from grace"NRSV"you have fallen away from grace"TEV"You are outside God's grace". These discussion questions are provided to help you think through the major issues of this section of the book. 17 For the flesh lusteth against the Spirit, and the Spirit against the flesh; for these are contrary the one to the other; that ye may not do the things that ye would. As in Gal. If we may judge of their morality by the exhortations and dehortations which …Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture, The Fruit of the Spirit'But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, long suffering, gentleness, goodness, faith, 23. NASB (UPDATED) TEXT: 5:13-15 13For you were called to freedom, brethren; only do not turn your freedom into an opportunity for the flesh, but through love serve one another. 11But I, brethren, if I still preach circumcision, why am I still persecuted? 5:21; Phil. People reveal their true selves in their actions and motives (cf. Introduction to The Book of Galatians. 4:1,17; 5:2,15-18). 16. Romans 7 and I John 2:1), but rather that their lives are not characterized by rebellion (cf. 24Now those who belong to Christ Jesus have crucified the flesh with its passions and desires. Meekness, temperance'--GAL. 26Let us not become boastful, challenging one another, envying one another. Freedom in Christ. Reviewed in … 4You have been severed from Christ, you who are seeking to be justified by law; you have fallen from grace. 'The fruit of the Spirit,' says Paul, not the fruits, as we might more naturally have expected, and as the phrase is most often quoted; all this rich variety of graces, of conduct and character, is thought of as one. It especially related to acts of worship to statues or inanimate objects. It was also used by Jesus in a very similar way in Matt. ▣ "self-control" The capstone of the list, self-control characterizes Christlike maturity (cf. 6:14; 7:4,6). Rom. 1 So Christ has truly set us free. Matt. Several English translations translate "flesh" with the phrase "lower nature." It is not enough for us to have been born again of Water and the Holy Ghost, and to have received the Gifts of the Spirit from time to time through the different means of grace. 3 For I testify again to every man that is circumcised, that he is a debtor to do the whole law. 14:17; I Thess. "The Fruit of the Spirit is Gentleness" (Gal. Galatians 5. 14:1-15:13). They are not trusting in their performance for salvation, but are afraid they will somehow offend God. One can see some of its flavor from Gal. Other passages describing the future event of salvation include Rom. They describe a factious dogmatic division within a larger group, something akin to political parties (cf. World War II provided us with some tragic illustrations of theological truth. 3 For if a man thinketh himself to be something when he is nothing, he deceiveth himself. Gentleness was not included in the Greek or Stoic lists of virtues, because the Greeks saw it as a weakness. If one tries to be right with God through human effort, he/she cuts himself/herself off from grace righteousness as a means of salvation (cf. 10I have confidence in you in the Lord that you will adopt no other view; but the one who is disturbing you will bear his judgment, whoever he is. If we may judge of their morality by the exhortations and dehortations which, 'But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, long suffering, gentleness, goodness, faith, 23. "Walk in the Spirit." This beautiful fruit is in lovely harmony with the gentle month of which it is the keynote. 28, 29.--"Then said they unto him, What shall we do, that we might work the works of God? It is not that these sins cannot be forgiven or that true Christians do not commit these sins, but that in a true believer the process of Christlikeness has begun. 7 Ye did run well; who did hinder you that ye should not obey the truth? I Tim. 9 A little leaven leaveneth the whole lump. 8:1-11). Galatians chapter 6. ▣ "dissensions, factions" These two terms go together. This was Paul's answer to the false teachers concerning the lifestyle of pagans who are accepted freely in Christ. Since believers have been given free grace, they ought to live appropriately (cf. It summarizes the entire section (cf. It was used of both Moses (cf. It was later used for magical practices of any kind. 7:16,20; 12:33). 31:31-34 and Ezek. These four attributes of salvation are complimentary not mutually exclusive. See Special Topic: Truth in Paul's Writings at 2:5. However, this interpretation is very dubious, in light of the overlapping definitions of the terms, as well as the fact that these sins are even committed by Christians. ▣ "drunkenness, carousing" These last two words describe the drunken orgies associated with pagan worship (cf. Gordon D. Fee, To What End Exegesis? Rom. 8:1-11). Without entering here on questions for which a sermon is scarcely a suitable vehicle of discussion, it may be sufficient for our present purpose to say that, as usually, when employing this antithesis the Apostle means by Spirit the divine, the Spirit of God, which he triumphed, 'In Jesus Christ neither circumcision availeth any thing, nor uncircumcision, but faith which worketh by love.'--GAL. This is found in this verse, followed by a very strong Greek word for "gratify." 1:10; II Tim. ▣ "and you will not carry out the desires of the flesh" The strongest negation possible in Koine Greek utilizes the double negative with an aorist subjunctive, which means "never under any circumstances." His gospel was a call to freedom, but not a freedom that leads to licensed excess (i.e., vv. The apostle gives us the difference between goodness and righteousness in this passage in Romans, "Scarcely for a righteous man would one die, yet peradventure for a good man some would even dare to die." Today most legalism within the church relates to the Christian life (cf. It may have functioned as a rabbinical summary regarding the purpose of the Law. 8:1-11. 14For the whole Law is fulfilled in one word, in the statement, YOU SHALL LOVE YOUR NEIGHBOR AS YOURSELF. 15But if you bite and devour one another, take care that you are not consumed by one another. 5:18 "But if you are led by the Spirit" This is a first class conditional sentence, assumed true from the author's perspective or for his literary purposes. Paragraphing is not inspired but it is the key to following the original author's intent which is the heart of interpretation. The righteous man is the man of stiff, inflexible uprightness; but he may be. 4:21; II Cor. I Cor. Galatians 5:22-23 - But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, longsuffering, gentleness, goodness, faith, Meekness, temperance: against such there is no law. 2:3-4). II Cor. Those who seek God by human performance have lost the free grace approach which is found in the finished work of the crucified Messiah. The "kingdom of God" is the subject of Jesus' first and last sermons and most of His parables. 11But I, brethren, if I still preach circumcision, why am I still persecuted? It is used to describe churches, like the Corinthian Church (cf. 2 Bear ye one another's burdens, and so fulfil the law of Christ. The Search OF the Savior: Why Jesus Came, Part 2 (Gal. They are unable to accept the freedom and liberation of the gospel. Context. 25 If we live by the Spirit, by the Spirit let us also walk. J. Wilmot-Buxton—The Life of Duty, a Year's Plain Sermons, v. 2, Sixth Day for the Spirit of Love in the ChurchWHAT TO PRAY.--For the Spirit of Love in the Church "I pray that they may be one, even as we are one: I in them and Thou in Me; that the world may know that Thou didst send Me, and hast loved them as Thou hast loved Me ... that the love wherewith Thou hast loved Me may be in them, and I in them." Here it describes the believer's new relationship with people, especially believers. The rabbis used "yoke" as a metaphor for the stipulations of the Law. 5:20 "idolatry" This refers to the worship of anything in place of God (cf. 9:21 and James 1:25; 2:8,12. In this lesson we look at some of the circumstances behind Paul’s letter to the Galatians. Who made you stop obeying the truth"NJB"You began your race well: who made you less anxious to obey the truth". S. Paul says, "Walk in the Spirit;" he does not say, stand still.
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