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The Cape cobra (Naja nivea), also called the yellow cobra, is a moderate-sized, highly venomous species of cobra inhabiting a wide variety of biomes across southern Africa including arid savanna, fynbos, bushveld, desert and semi-desert regions. Cape […] It is a quick moving and alert species, and although a report mentions that this species is generally calm when compared to some other African venomous snakes, it strikes readily if threatened. The Cape cobra is a large snake of southern Africa. The Cape cobra (Naja nivea) is found across Southern Africa, favoring dry areas including desert and arid savannah regions. It bites readily. The Cape Cobra (Naja nivea) is a cobra inhabiting the regions of South Africa. Mature specimens are typically about 1.2 to 1.4 metres (3.9 to 4.6 ft) long, but may grow up to 1.6 metres (5.2 ft) in length. Cape […] They are often seen hunting in Sociable Weaver nests in the Kalahari. The Cape Cobra may stand its ground if threatened and is quick to form a hood. Usually found on the ground, e.g. When it comes across an enemy or perceived threat, it will usually lift head off the ground and spread its neck into a broader ‘hood’. CCL is internationally recognized for their timeless and sophisticated designs and creations handcrafted using sustainably farmed Nile Crocodile, Ostrich, and Python skins. I rang first thing in the morning as soon as they opened (8am) to try and get a booking for that day to rent a Cobra for four hours, unfortunately they were fully booked and I thought that was that. Geographic range and habitat. They are slender-bodied, fairly large snakes with the ability to raise the upper part of their body of the ground and form hoods by spreading their necks and ribs. The queue line "snakes" through specially designed cages containing over 200 snakes including the King Cobra. However, one thing is clear, despite the word "cobra" in its name, king cobras are not true cobras. In addition, individuals show a varying degree of black or pale stippling and blotches, and although colour and marking are geographically related, it is also possible to observe virtually all colour varieties at one location. The species is … Cape cobras are usually eaten by Herpestidae such as mongoose, civet, honey badgers, meerkats and certain birds of prey species that are known to feed on cobras, such as secretary birds and snake eagles. The species is diurnal and is a feeding generalist, preying on a number of different species and carrion. The Cape cobra is more aggressive during the mating period. Read about SANBI’s two Plants of the Week, Find out more about South Africa’s extraordinarily rich and diverse plant life as SANBI’s horticulturists and botanists highlight two new […], Common names: Southern African desert locust (Eng. Their normal mating period is between September and October. They are moderately-sized, growing to around five feet in length. Cobras are carnivorous snakes and feed on other snakes, lizards, small mammals, birds and bird eggs. During very hot weather it may become crepuscular, but is rarely if ever observed during the hours of darkness. The largest zoo in the country and the only one with national status. It may hiss as well. Many farming communities in the Karoo value and acknowledge the help of Cape cobras in the controlling of rodent pests. March 2016. Rodents are their preferable staple food, which includes frogs, birds and other snakes. The color varies from location to location, and those from the Kalahari are normally yellow with brown speck uniformly all over the body. An adult is about 1.2 m (to 1.6 m) in length, an varies in colour from light yellow to rich yellow, copper, or light to medium or dark brown and even black, often speckled with shades of brown and orange. Succulent Karoo Programme However, Puff Adders are probably responsible for the most deaths in Africa as these are sluggish snakes that are disinclined to move out of the way when approached. The genus has around 20 to 22 species but due to numerous taxonomic revisions in recent years, the exact number varies by source. When in this defensive mode, it will readily strike. The cobra is a thinner and flatter snake compared to the mole snake. Indian Cobra. The venom has both neurotoxic and cytotoxic components, and a powerful bite might result in death if not immediately treated. The scientific name of the Cape cobra is Naja nivea . Changing from diurnal (day active) to crepuscular (active during the twilight/evening) is a smart move where daytime temperatures can sometimes reach into the high 40s, such as in the Kalahari and other parts of the Northern Cape, North West Province, Botswana and Namibia – as being out in the sun in such high temperatures can be dangerous to all reptiles, including snakes. A photographic guide to snakes and other reptiles of southern Africa. Naja is a genus of venomous elapid snakes that are grouped under the common name cobra. However, at De Hoop, and other specific locations in the Western Cape, all colour variations have been recorded. Biodiversity Science, Report complaints on environmental and/or social harms and gender discrimination arising from SANBI’s activities. It is found in South Africa and its color changes according to the region it inhabits. Namibian Coral Cobra (Aspidelaps lubricus). It usually inhabits open areas such as grassland, arid Karoo and fynbos habitats throughout its range. The Cape cobra, like all other cobras, is found mostly on the ground, but is also able to climb into trees and shrubs in search of food. The mortality rate for untreated bites is not exactly known, but is thought to be high. Some other snakes also feed on cobras. Kingdom: Animalia Cobra, any of various species of highly venomous snakes, most of which expand the neck ribs to form a hood. The Cape cobra actively hunts during the day; their staple diet is rodents and birds, but they will also eat frogs, lizards and other snakes. Yes you say, of course they are! Cape cobras are found in large parts of the Western Cape province of South Africa. Cape cobras are usually very nervous and lively and when threatened will rear up and spread it’s hood. Cape cobra. Tel: +27 (0)12 843 5000 It is a terrestrial snake, but will readily climb trees and bushes, and shows considerable agility in for example systematically robbing the nests of the sociable weaver. Predators of this species … They are non-spitting cobras. Email: sanbi@behonest.co.za The Elapidae family includes other snakes such as coral snakes, kraits and mambas and rinkhals. Order: Squamata It is one of the deadliest snakes in the region. Where Cape Cobras Live About Us Established in 1972, Cape Cobra Leathercraft is Africa’s largest exporter of luxury exotic leather goods. Email: safeguards@sanbi.org.za, Interests During very hot weather it may become crepuscular, but is rarely if ever observed during the hours of darkness. Cape cobra, yellow cobra (Eng. This snake is best known as a Cape Coral Cobra and is a species of venomous elapid snake found in parts of southern Africa.. Our atelier handcrafts sustainably farmed Nile Crocodile, Ostrich, and Python skins into timeless pieces in a variety of vibrant colors and styles. In addition to their trademark hoods, cobras have round pupils and smooth scales.Colors vary widely from species to species. Cape cobras are one of the most common snake species around Karoo farms where they are usually beneficial to farmers by controlling the occurrence of rodent pests. Like other cobras, it can lift its head off the ground, face the enemy and spread the ribs to form a broader hood, especially when facing a perceived threat. When not active, it hides in holes or under ground cover, such as brush piles, often remaining in the same retreat for some time. The Cape cobra is a diurnal species and actively forages throughout the day. & De Villiers, M.S. If you keep absolutely still, the snake will look for an escape route. If the threat (e.g. Suborder: Serpentes ); Kaapse kobra, geelslang, koperkapel (Afr. The cobra, like other venomous snakes, is lightning fast when it strikes. Predators of this species include birds of prey, honey badgers and various species of mongoose. Cape Cobra Leathercraft | Shop Online NowEstablished in 1972, Cape Cobra Leathercraft, is a third generation family run, handbag and accessories atelier based in Cape Town, South Africa. Another very large specimen was also a male found in De Hoop Nature Reserve with a total length of 1.86 metres (6.1 ft). Cape cobras are regarded as one of the most dangerous species of cobra in all of Africa, by … The Cape cobras venom is made up of potent postsynaptic neurotoxins and might also contain cardiotoxins, that affect the respiratory system, nervous system, and the heart. juvenile snake is involved). The mole snake has a rounder head. It averages 4 feet (120 cm) long but may grow to be 6 feet (180 cm) long. Males are slightly larger than females. It is often encountered in the Cape, but not seen commonly elsewhere in the country. Find out the latest about Cape Cobras now. The species is endemic to parts of southern Africa. The species is diurnal, terrestrial and quick moving. All of them have neurotoxic, or nerve–destroying, venom, and a bite can be fatal if the patient does not get urgent medical help. Both were road-killed snakes, the first, an adult Psammophylax rhombeatus, the second an adult Karoo whip snake, Psammophis notostictus. A female snake usually lays up to 20 eggs in summer in a suitable area; this could be in underground open holes, rodent’s burrows, abandoned termite mounds and even under rocks. The snake has a wide prey base and hunts during the day.The dangerous venom of the cape cobra coupled with its habit of visiting homes of humans makes it one of Africa’s most feared snakes. Branch, B. This can be due to various factors including the amount of venom injected, psychological state of the bitten subject, the penetration of one or both fangs, and so on. The species is diurnal and is a feeding generalist, preying on a number of different species and carrion. Indian … They do not spit venom, but bite instead, transmitting a very powerful and fast acting neurotoxic venom. Cape cobras vary widely in colouration, from yellow through golden brown to dark brown and even black. Cobras are Elapids, a type of poisonous snake with hollow fangs fixed to the top jaw at the front of the mouth. Cape cobras can be cannibalistic, sometimes eating the young of its own kind. It is a medium-sized snake, with adults measuring between 120cm (46.8 in) and 180cm (70.2 in). Egyptian Cobra. 2001. Cape Cobra. ); masumu (seSotho); xivatla-nkombe (Xitsonga). The Cape Cobra is easily confused with the Mole snake and the Black Spitting Cobra. The longest specimen on record was a male from Aus, Namibia and measured 1.88 metres (6.2 ft) long. Other snakes of this family often encountered in South Africa include the snouted cobra (Naja annulifera), the forest cobra (N. melanoleuca), the Mozambique spitting cobra (N. mossambica), and the rinkhals (Hemachatus haemachatus). Species: N. nivea (Linnaeus, 1758), Author: Stemmer Ngalo However, Puff Adders are probably responsible for the most deaths in Africa as these are sluggish snakes that are disinclined to move out of the way when approached. Any bite from a Cape cobra is life-threatening and needs urgent medical care. Also known as the yellow cobra, yellow snake, brown or copper cobra, the snake is a quick-moving and alert species known to be more aggressive during its mating period. Our name pays homage to the Cape Cobra snake, native to Cape Town, South Africa. Physical: 2 Cussonia Ave, Brummeria, Pretoria. Mechanical ventilation and symptom management is often enough to save a victim's life, but cases of serious Cape cobra envenomation will require antivenom. Egyptian Cobra. The Cape cobra is a medium-sized species of cobra. The Cape Cobra is one of four non-spitting cobras found in southern Africa. The neurotoxic venom causes respiratory failure, and bite victims may need artificial respiration until the anti-venom can be injected. It is usually diurnal (active during the day), but during very hot weather (high 30s and 40s) it will turn crepuscular (active during twilight and early evening). Cobras are found from southern Africa through southern Asia to islands of Southeast Asia.Throughout their range, different species are favourites of snake charmers, who frighten them into … In the Kalahari region, it is a yellowish color, with uniform brown speckles. There are no known subspecies of this snake. One of the interesting fact about spitting cobra is that the characteristic ability of spitting venom is used by the snake in order to defend itself and not to catch its prey. When not active, it hides in holes or under ground cover, such as brush piles, often remaining in the same retreat for some time. A cobra can eat almost any type of snake, including other venomous snakes. The colour fades during the first year or two of life, but while it lasts it commonly leads laymen to confuse the juvenile Cape cobra with the Rinkhals spitting cobra. Get match facts and details of Dolphins vs Cape Cobras, 1st Semi-Final, Feb 01, Momentum One Day Cup 2021 on Cricbuzz The specific epithet, nivea, comes from the Latin nivis, meaning snowy, possibly referring to the whitish discolouration of the first preserved specimens seen by European taxonomists. & De Villiers, M.S. By this definition snakes like the king cobra (Ophiophagus hannah), the rinkhals (Hemachatus haemachatus) and the Cape coral snake (Aspidelaps lubricus) are all cobras. Genus: Naja It bites its prey like other cobras. Cape cobra is a cobra that is endemic to southern Africa where it lives in a wide variety of habitats like savanna, bushveld, desert, and semi-desert areas. Aspidelaps lubricus, commonly known as the Cape coral snake or the Cape coral cobra, is a species of venomous snake in the family Elapidae. My experience with Cape Cobra Hire was fantastic. Class: Reptilia Young snakes have one or two dark throat bands. The Cape cobra is a large snake of southern Africa . They have an excellent sense of smell and night vision. Cape cobras have fixed front fangs and they do not spit venom, but bite instead. Hatchlings are up to 40 cm in length and are completely independent from the time they hatch. It is by far our most dangerous cobra and with the Black Mamba it accounts for the majority of fatal snake bites in South Africa. Struik Publishers, Cape Town. The Cape cobra is regarded as one of the most dangerous species of cobra in all of Africa, by virtue of its potent venom and frequent occurrence around houses. They are non-spitting cobras. It is widespread and occurs throughout most of Southern Africa. Bates, M.F., Branch, W.R., Bauer, A.M., Burger, M., Marais, J., Alexander, G.J. It was created with the intention of showing off the reptiles and frogs of Southern Africa. Atlas and Red List of the reptiles of southern Africa, Lesotho and Swaziland. The Cape cobra is a medium-sized cobra that reaches a length of about 4 feet and can grow up to 6 feet. Any sudden movements by the target will result in a series of rapid strikes. The scientific name of the Cape cobra is Naja nivea. Family: Elapidae Although they are alternatively known as the yellow cobra, Cape cobras can come in a variety of colors, including golden, brown, and even black. The Cape Cobra. There are red, yellow, black, mottled, banded and many oth… If you make any movement however it will regain its defensive attitude and strike readily. ); Tsie ea lehoatata (Sesotho), Nthagavele (Xitsonga) Desert locust (Schistocerca gragaria) is known to […]. Quick Cobra Facts. At about 8 feet in length, the … It is one of the deadliest snakes in the region. Males and females can be seen together during mating season (September to October), at which time they may be more aggressive than usual. Bates, M.F., Branch, W.R., Bauer, A.M., Burger, M., Marais, J., Alexander, G.J. It … It is restricted to the western deserts and scrublands of southern Africa. The species is diurnal, terrestrial and quick moving. While the hood is characteristic of cobras, not all of them are closely related. The Cape Cobra is easily agitated, and is invariably aggressive toward its enemy. The mouse SC LD50 for this species' venom is 0.72, while the IV and IP LD50 values are 0.4 mg/kg and 0.6 mg/kg, respectively. In the Kalahari region, it is a yellowish color, with uniform brown speckles. It is a principal city in the Cape Coral – Fort Myers, Florida Metropolitan Statistical Area. The genus name, Naja, is the Latinisation of the Sanskrit word nāgá, which means ‘cobra’. Mature specimens are typically about 1.2 to 1.4 metres (3.9 to 4.6 ft) long, but may grow up to 1.6 metres (5.2 ft) in length. In self-defence or as a warning signal, it will usually lift its head off the ground, face the enemy and spread its ribs in a broad hood, striking readily. The Mole snake is a muscular day-active snake that spends much of its time down rodent burrows in search of food. While on the defensive, it strikes unhesitatingly. Cape cobras are medium-sized, highly poisonous cobra snakes occurring extensively across southern Africa. Juvenile specimens generally have conspicuously dark throats extending down the belly for the width of a dozen or so ventral scales. King Cobra. The Cape cobra, or yellow cobra, is a venomous snake of southern Africa. Feb 11, 2015 - Cape Cobra Snake Info-Facts and New Pictures-Photos-Images 2012 It is a terrestrial snake, but will readily climb trees and bushes, and shows considerable agility in for example systematically robbing the nests of the sociable weaver. Cobras are members of the genus Naja, and are included in the family Elapidae. Venoms are becoming more toxic. Like most other snakes, except some adders, the Cape cobra prefers to flee from danger. It feeds on a wide spectrum of prey, including other snakes, rodents, lizards, birds, and carrion. Cobra de capelo translated from Portuguese means “snake with hood” a term which loosely places a variety of snakes into the cobra bracket. Males are slightly larger than females. It is a medium-sized snake, with adults measuring between 120cm (46.8 in) and 180cm (70.2 in). In the same study period conducted at De Hoop, Cape cobras were seen scavenging and feeding on carrion on two occasions. The cape cobra is found in the dry, semi-desert regions of southern Africa, particularly in the Northern Cape in South Africa and in parts of Botswana. Atlas and Red List of the reptiles of southern ... Marais, J. The Cape Cobra is the next most poisonous of the snakes in South Africa. The average venom yield per bite is 100 to 150 mg according to Minton. If the threat remains motionless, the snake will quickly attempt to escape, but at any sign of movement will adopt its defensive posture again. The cape cobra is found in the dry, semi-desert regions of southern Africa, particularly in the Northern Cape in South Africa and in parts of Botswana. Postal: Private Bag X101, Silverton, 0184. The Cape cobra is endemic to southern Africa and is found widely in the Western and Northern Cape provinces, and into the Free State, North West Province, western parts of Gauteng, Eastern Cape, Botswana and southern Namibia. This is the moment a two-metre-long Cape cobra casually takes a dip in the shark-infested water, off Hout Bay Beach, South Africa. The country not true cobras dry sandy areas ( the Karoo value and acknowledge the help of cobras! The average venom yield per bite is a medium-sized snake, including venomous... Farming communities in the region and mambas and rinkhals open areas such as grassland, arid Karoo and Kalahari,... Cobra is Naja nivea ) is a principal city in the Kalahari region, it its! Is clear, despite the word `` cobra '' in its name, cobras! 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